silver birch trees for small gardens

Easy, hardy and fast-growing, it forms a medium-sized tree. Betula utilis var. Benefits: striking white bark, yellow autumn foliage. The branches also cast a magic-lantern pattern of light and shade as the sun moves round. Expect to see the following options (listed by increasing quality and value): bare root (soil shaken from roots when harvested), rootball (supplied with soil around roots), plastic-container grown, bagged (grown, or stabilised in bags for at least four months) or grown in Air-Pots (containers designed to promote fibrous roots). Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. B. alleghaniensis, B. dahurica and B. nigra are excellent choices for damp (but not waterlogged) soils, but site away from frost pockets and provide shelter from cold winds. Another good birch tree with high-sheen white bark includes Erman's Birch (Betula ermanii) . We are here for you. Looks magnificent when the peeling translucent scrolls of bark are illuminated by the low winter sun. 12-18m. Crataegus (Hawthorn)Hawthorn is a native British tree that illuminates hedgerows with its white … Forms a medium-spreading crown and has rich, yellow-orange autumn leaf colour. RHS H6, USDA 6a-9b. 9-15m. It can reach 60ft (20m) and the warm-brown bark has a darker mahogany underside, this can be seen once the bark peels away. Has an extensive spreading crown and mid-green leaves that turn dark yellow in autumn. But this American species needs moisture in order to thrive, so it’s no good planting it on well-drained soil or in drier areas of the country. I agree with Dove - silver birch is a big tree and not suited to a small garden. There are two British native varieties of birch tree. The bark of birch trees comes in many more colours and textures than you might think and has a haunting beauty. USDA 3a-8b. Question about your subscription? Silver Birches can brighten a garden during the winter Silver birches are among the best trees for small gardens since they never produce too dense … A multi-stemmed variety will create an impact and are well-suited to small gardens without room for multiple trees, while a weeping variety with have the spread without the height. Try 12 issues of Saga Magazine for just £12.95 and enjoy a world of benefits when you subscribe. Your budget will no doubt guide your choice. Container-grown plants can be planted throughout the year except in extreme weather - ie when it’s very cold or very hot. All new trees should be staked with a tree tie when they are planted. New shoots on downy birch feel hairy to the touch. This unusual Chinese birch has glossy, dark honey-coloured bark that peels off in spectacular long strips. As well as their slender form, Birch trees let the sunlight through with their airy foliage and many have gorgeous bark, catkins and autumn colour. Discover some of the most glorious gardens from around the world.Find out more, Already have an account with us? Benefits: wildlife-friendly, good for damp soil. The UK’s native silver birch, Betula pendula is among the most frequently requested trees at nurseries. The classic silver birch, Betula pendula, is native throughout Europe. Give your garden a makeover and save money at the same time with a special Thompson and Morgan offer of 10% off. garden advice & tips|plants|winter garden|autumn garden|garden ideas|fruit & veg|garden wildlife. The diamond-shaped leaves turn bright-yellow in autumn. A multi-stemmed variety will create an impact and are well-suited to small gardens without room for multiple trees, while a weeping variety with have the spread without the height. A rare and extremely handsome cultivar of B. utilis. However, most birches are shallow rooted and these surface roots can dry out the ground. Seek out these medium-sized trees from specialist tree nurseries and then add a carpet of vibrant spring-flowering plants to flatter their ghostly form. 12-18m. 12-18m. These include ‘Doorenbos’, ‘Jermyns’, ‘Silver Shadow’ and ‘Grayswood Ghost’. Spring and early autumn are ideal. The golden yellow autumn foliage is long lasting and it has a lightly spreading crown. If you are buying specimen trees, remember price depends not just on size but also on the way in which the root system is supplied. 25m. Birches can be planted as single stemmed trees and left unpruned to develop a single main leader before developing into a slender, upright trees. Dark, glossy green leaves turn a good butter-yellow in autumn. The rich, glossy, dark chocolate-brown bark peels freely into spectacular, fine sheets of copper orange. As with the silver birch, a downy birch will attract wildlife to the garden. The heart-shaped leaves are larger and they colour up to butter-yellow in autumn. Also known as a downy birch, this pale-barked species is similar in appearance to the silver birch, but is faster growing. Extremely hardy. Like to advertise with us? If you’re looking for precise, true-to-type features, then it is best to select from mature trees that already show that trait. 12-18m. If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops, you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home, Piet Oudolf’s plant list design from Museum Voorlinden. Bands of fine, white lenticels contrast beautifully. But with more than 60 known species, and numerous cultivars now widely available, Betula is anything but a one-dimensional blonde. Small Birch Trees These Birch tree have been selected for their small or slender habit, making them well suited to smaller gardens or for limited areas in larger gardens. 14-20m. A more upright tree than the silver birch but better suited to damper soil and can grow at higher elevations, and so more likely to be found in the north of the country. Smooth in … By entering your details, you are agreeing to Gardens Illustrated terms and conditions and privacy policy. If you're used to buying our magazine from the shops,  you can now order and receive the next issue delivered to your home. It’s a key woodland pioneer species but as a choice for our gardens, it’s really about the bark. Birches are hardy, resilient and adaptable trees and some have silk-sheened, pallid bark that sparkles in winter sunshine. AGM. Approach a reputable grower and enquire about propagation history, bearing in mind that in this case trees with a degree of genetic variation may be preferable, as they will give more natural graduations in tone. Val Bourne When young the bark is smoother, but develops with age. A highly unusual tree with fabulous, rough textured flaking bark; a real eye-catcher. Benefits: striking white bark, easily available. Has a stately habit, long catkins in late spring and golden autumn leaf colour. Slender with a lightly spreading crown. A good alternative to the stark whites, ermanii has freely peeling bark with creamy, pink-orange tones. The slightly darker, rougher toned Betula albosinensis (sometimes written Betula albo-sinesis) is a vigorous faster-growing tree from Western China. The smooth bark peels freely in sheets. Also known as a paper birch or canoe birch, this is a very robust, fast-growing white-barked species. 9-12m. Medium sized with a slender habit. These seem to move away from each other as they develop and the trunks can look stunning in winter light. Do it again in spring if needed. This is one of the starkest whites of all the B. utilis var. Provides rich, golden autumn colour. Many of the characteristics of birch don’t show themselves in saplings, so you need to be very careful when choosing your tree. It has copper stems and a shrub-like appearance. B. papyrifera and B. pubescens are notably vigorous and robust, performing well on inhospitable sites. For this reason, spring-flowering plants are more-suited as understorey plants because they can perform before dry conditions take hold. Ready-trained specimens can be bought and generally the trunks look as though they have been arranged in a vase. Give your ornamental birches an annual wash with a soft brush or sponge. Also known as yellow birch. USDA 4a-6b. Benefits: fast growing, interesting red/bronze bark. A year in the life of a silver birch tree, from The Woodland Trust. Prepare the ground well and dig in some bone meal. Silver birch and Himalayan birch are both available as columnar 'Fastigiata' varieties, which have a much smaller spread than other bird trees and are ideal for smaller gardens. Has a spreading crown. The bark of a mature tree flakes to reveal layers of cream, cinnamon and orange and the ragged edges catch the light and take on an attractive translucence. 9-15m. Birch Trees for Small Gardens. Those on heavy soil should do well with this. The seeds are eaten by birds such as greenfinches and siskins. If you prefer a shaggier texture, the River birch, Betula nigra, can look stunning. USDA 2a-9b. North American species with rough texture and unexpected metallic sheen, particularly effective in winter sun. jacquemontii, (see above) whose bark is the whitest of all in the Betula genus. Get 10% off at Thompson & Morgan and save on seasonal specials. jacquemontii cultivars. jacquemontii). Forms a medium-sized tree and has very glossy leaves. Most nurserymen will go on to name the second most popular tree as Betula utilis var. With its lightly spreading crown, it’s a real show stopper. The second British native is downy birch, Betula pubescens.

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