Primary Groups: Characteristics and Importance of Primary Groups! Defining primary groups, Cooley writes: “By primary groups, I mean those groups characterised by intimate face-to-face association and cooperation. This intimacy of relationship based on the following characteristics. Even in a family the growth of children beyond a point may make it difficult for the members to come into close contact with each other. In an increasingly impersonal world, they are the sources of openness, trust and intimacy. Spatial proximity – physical closeness of members. They look at the world through the same eyes. © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved, Differences between Primary Social Group and Secondary Social Group, Importance of Primary Group for the Society, Importance of Primary Group for Individuals, 8 Main Characteristics of Secondary Group | Sociology, Importance of Secondary Group for Society, 100 + Sociology Questions & Answers for MA Entrance Exams (2019,2020,2021), 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for M.Phil Entrance Exams, 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for Civil Services Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for UGC-NET. 7. Interest of members in one another’s sentiments and welfare. Primary groups groom the personality of the individual and teach them the social traits to interact with people outside the small group and be successful in life. The members of a primary group directly co-operate with each other and there exists intimate and personal relationship among them. As groups become larger, each person counts less as a unique personality but more as a sheer cipher or unit. Passing to Cooley’s classification of groups, Cooley has classified groups into primary and secondary, though Cooley has never used the term ‘secondary group.’. 8. People living in army camp or college hostel or alone in a metropolitan city feel a great need for primary groups (family and neighbourhood). He is all of these rolled into one. Each party pursues as one of his ends the welfare of the other. Similarly, the members of a research group may undertake study of different problems, but they must bring together their results in a common process at the point where the group activity begins. These qualities are found more abundantly in some concrete groups than in others. However, from a sociology standpoint, they have a major commonality. Similarly, E.A. A primary group is typically a small social group whose members share close, personal, enduring relationships in which one exchanges implicit items, such … They meet “face to face” for mutual help, companionship and discussion of common questions. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. In the modem society, the functions of primary groups though weakened, yet the primary groups exist because they provide emotional security and mental satisfaction to man. The result of intimate association psychologically is a certain fusion of individualities in a common whole, so that one’s very self, for many purposes at least, is the common life and purpose of the group. It is not contractual or formal. The members typically include family, childhood friends, romantic partners, and members of religious groups who have regular face-to-face or verbal interaction and a shared culture and frequently engage in activities together. The basic social responses are less intense and intimate and the interests have become considerably narrower. TOS 7. It is a small group in which a small number of persons come into direct contact with one another. 2. Prohibited Content 3. It is in the possession of the’ we’ feeling, the quality of ‘sympathy and mutual identification’ that Cooley distinguishes the ‘primary’ from the ‘secondary’ group. Before the growth of cities, the majority of associations occurred in primary groups. These groups are permanent in nature. They are particularly important in shaping the personality, in formulating self-concepts, in developing a sense of worth and in becoming an accepted member of society. These relationships are deeply personal and loaded with emotion. 5. (1) They are primary for the formation of habits and attitudes; (2) They are fundamental to the development of ‘social self and moral knowledge; (3) They impart basic training in social stability, solidarity and cooperation among persons; (4) They play a pivotal role both in the socialisation process and in the development of roles and statuses; (5) They are most efficient humaniser of animal drives (sex, hunger, anger etc.) They are primary, in several senses, but chiefly in that they are fundamental in framing the social nature and ideals of the individual. It is personal, spontaneous, sentimental, inclusive and non-transferable. Primary Groups: These are small sized with close and intimate relations between its members. This feature is clearly evident in a discussion group where each member presents his own view-point and takes the view-point of others. Thus intimacy of relationship may not develop among people living in close proximity while it may develop over great distances by various means of communication. Thus close scrutiny of Cooley’s definition reveals some ambiguity, yet the differentiation of groups into primary and secondary ones is an important one.
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