", In the Hadiths, the definitions of zina have been described as all the forms of sexual intercourse, penetrative or non-penetrative, outside the institution marriage or the institution of slavery. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Is ZINNIA name fit for baby name ? 28 Nov. 2011. The witnesses are not allowed to delay their testimony from the time of the incident to the time of testifying. In contrast, in the second half of the 20th century, after respective independence, a number of governments including Pakistan, Morocco, Malaysia and Iran have reverted to Sharia with traditional interpretations of Islam's sacred texts. Therefore, she cannot be punished or even accused of misconduct merely on the strength of her falling pregnant.. There are always several meanings of each word in Urdu, the correct meaning of Zinnia in Urdu is زینیا, and in roman we write it Zinia. Sa'd said, "O Allah's Apostle!  The reason behind considering this act as not recommended is manifold, the foremost being the issues of modesty, purification (Taharat) and cleanliness.. ", The public lashing and public lethal stoning punishment for fornication and adultery are also prescribed in Hadiths, the books most trusted in Islam after Quran, particularly in Kitab Al-Hudud. He also said: He has repented to such an extent that if the people of Medina had repented similarly, it would have been accepted from them. , Islam requires evidence before a man or a woman can be punished for zināʾ.  It is important to note that this principle did not mean that such acts were treated as legal: they remained offenses, and could be punished, but they were not liable for the hadd penalty of 100 lashes or stoning. Meaning of Zinnia. In his opinion, the preceding Ayat of Sura Nisa deals with prostitutes of the time. ", "And those who accuse chaste women then do not bring four witnesses, flog them, (giving) eighty stripes, and do not admit any evidence from them ever; and these it is that are the transgressors. Islamic Quarterly, vol.  The offenders must have acted of their own free will. Academic Search Complete. Other hadith collections on zina between men and woman include: Rape has been defined as zina al-zibr (forcefull illicit sex) in the traditional Islamic texts. 3, pp. (This is) my brother's son whom my brother has asked me to take into my custody." the penetration (like "a stick disappearing in a kohl container," as the fiqh books specify). This is zināʾ - a man can lawfully have sex only with his own slave. However, other jurists insist that any act of lust in which the result is the injecting of semen into another person constitutes sexual intercourse.  In addition to thousands of women in prison awaiting trial for zina-related charges, there has been a severe reluctance to even report rape because the victim fears of being charged with zina. So they both submitted their case before Allah's Apostle. Gender Names Meanings Female Zahira Al-Zahir, Glaring, Patently Female Zafra Victorious, Winning, Successful Female Zabia Doe, Buck, Anvil Female Zarifa Jocose, Winsome Female Zafar-un- Nisa Gainer, Succeed Female Zafara Scent, Perfume, Frangipane, …  During the Algerian Civil War, Islamist insurgents assassinated women suspected of loose morals, the Taliban have executed suspected adultresses using machine guns, and zina has been used as justification for honor killings. [not specific enough to verify], Iran has prosecuted many cases of zina, and enforced public stoning to death of those accused between 2001 and 2010. Zinnia Meaning in Urdu You are seeing urdu meaning of english word Zinnia at Dictionary English to Urdu. Ziba Mir-Hosseini (2001), Marriage on Trial: A Study of Islamic Family Law, Hina Azam (2012), Rape as a Variant of Fornication (Zina) in Islamic Law: An Examination of the Early Legal Reports, Journal of Law & Religion, Volume 28, 441–459. There are, however, a few hadith mentioning homosexual behavior in women; The jurists are agreed that "there is no hadd punishment for lesbianism, because it is not zina. Malik related to me from Nafi that a slave was in charge of the slaves in the khumus and he forced a slave-girl among those slaves against her will and had intercourse with her.  Firstly, scholars consider touching genitals by mouth as discouraged mentioning the reason that, touching genitals by the right hand rather than the left hand has been prohibited by Muhammad; as in their opinion, the mouth is comparatively more honorable than the right hand, for that touching genitals with the mouth is more abhorrent and vacatably excluded. 13, no. 581–601, KAMALI (1998), Punishment in Islamic Law: A Critique of the Hudud Bill of Kelantan Malaysia, Arab Law Quarterly, vol. If he says: 'O you effeminate' then beat him twenty times. Pregnancy of a single woman is also sufficient evidence of her having committed zina. Origin: German Zinnia Urdu Meaning - Find the correct meaning of Zinnia in Urdu, it is important to understand the word properly when we translate it from English to Urdu. For example, in Malaysia which officially follows the Shafi'i fiqh, Section 23(2) through 23(4) of the Syariah (Sharia) Criminal Offences (Federal Territories) Act 1997 state,. ", According to hadith, bestiality is defined under zina and its punishment is execution of the accused man or woman along with the animal. , Abu Huraira reported Allah's Apostle as saying: “Allah has decreed for every son of Adam his share of zina, which he will inevitably commit.  Some Islamic scholars state that the requirement of four male eyewitnesses was to address zina in public. Section 23(4) - For the purpose of subsection (3), any woman who gives birth to a fully developed child within a period of six qamariah months from the date of her marriage shall be deemed to have been pregnant out of wedlock. Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism, Oxford: Oneworld. Zinnia Meaning in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. 117–52, Kecia Ali, Marriage and Slavery in Early Islam. What is the origin of the name Zinnia? BabyCenter is committed to providing the most helpful and trustworthy pregnancy and parenting information in the world. Our content is doctor approved and evidence based, and our community is moderated, lively, and welcoming.With thousands of award-winning articles and community groups, you can track your pregnancy and baby's growth, get answers to your toughest questions, and connect … Then he told him, "[Make love with your wife] from the front or the back, but avoid the anus and intercourse during menstruation.". Any uninvolved Muslim witness, or victim of non-consensual sexual intercourse, who accuses a Muslim of zina, but fails to produce four adult, pious male eyewitnesses before a sharia court, commits the crime of false accusation (Qadhf, القذف), punishable with eighty lashes in public. Karamah: Muslim Women Lawyers for Human Rights. Zinia is baby girl name mainly popular in Muslim religion and its main origin is Arabic. 'Abd bin Zam'a said, "This boy is my brother and the son of the slave girl of my father, and was born on the bed of my father." Secondly, the status of genital secretions is debated among the four Sunni schools, some scholars viewing it as impure and others not. , Aside from "a few rare and isolated" instances from the pre-modern era and several recent cases, there is no historical record of stoning for zina being legally carried out. Share: More Related Posts: Save Aurora Save Willa Save Crimson Save Theodora Share: More  For example, Abu Dawud states,[not specific enough to verify][page needed], From Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, the Prophet (p.b.u.h) states that: "If a woman comes upon a woman, they are both adulteresses, if a man  After sharia-based criminal laws were widely replaced by European-inspired statutes in the modern era, in recent decades several countries passed legal reforms that incorporated elements of hudud laws into their legal codes.  In the early 20th century, under the influence of colonial era, many penal laws and criminal justice systems were reformed away from Sharia in Muslim-majority parts of the world.  Zina became a more pressing issue in modern times, as Islamist movements and governments employed polemics against public immorality. Jan Otto, Sharia Incorporated, Leiden University Press, James E. Baldwin (2012), Prostitution, Islamic Law and Ottoman Societies, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 55, pp. , Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: That the Prophet said: "If a man says to another man: 'O you Jew' then beat him twenty times. A. Quraishi (1999), Her honour: an Islamic critique of the rape provisions in Pakistan's ordinance on zina.  In Nigeria, local courts have passed several stoning sentences, all of which were overturned on appeal or left unenforced. ", Ibn Abbas narrated: "The Messenger of Allah said: "Allah will not look at a man who has anal sex with his wife. Do you approach males among the worlds And leave what your Lord has created for you as mates? Zinnia Name Meaning. This graph shows how many babies are given the name Zinnia each year in the United States. Hasn’t added any information. Zinnia name numerology is 1 and here you can learn how to pronounce Zinnia, Zinnia origin and similar names to Zinnia name. 'Abd bin Zam'a got up before him and said, (He is) my brother and the son of the slave girl of my father, and was born on my father's bed." Then Allah's Apostle further said, "The child is for the owner of the bed, and the stone is for the adulterer," He then said to Sauda bint Zam'a, "Veil (screen) yourself before him," when he saw the child's resemblance to 'Utba. Peters, R. "The Islamization of criminal law: A comparative analysis", in WI, xxxiv (1994), 246–74. The meaning of Zinnia is “From the Flower”. ZINNIA Names in Other Languages. When an unmarried male commits adultery with an unmarried female, they should receive one hundred lashes and banishment for one year. The sura starts by giving very specific rules about punishment for zināʾ: "The woman and the man guilty of zināʾ (for fornication or adultery),- flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment. Allah's 99 Names, You have blessed, it is a phrase taken from Surat al-Fatiha, the speech is directed at God, Companion in nightly conversation, entertainer, Adornment, ornament, decoration, elegance, beauty, (Zinia pronunciation in different languages). So it was said to Ibn 'Abbas: "What is the case of the animal?" People search this name as Zinia. Bangla Meaning of Zinnia Thanks for using this online dictionary, we have been helping millions of people improve their use of the bangla language with its free online services. , Hadith forbids incestous relationship (zinā bi'l-mahārim), sexual intercourse between someone who is mahram and prescribes execution as punishment. If you want to see your name in Arabic calligraphy below you can find Zinnia in Arabic letters. This boy is the son of my brother and he entrusted him to me." , In Pakistan, over 200,000 zina cases against women, under its Hudood laws, were under process at various levels in Pakistan's legal system in 2005. Their rationale was that since legal sex is legitimized, in part, by payment (the dower paid by the husband to the wife upon marriage, or the purchase price of a slave), a man might plausibly believe that prostitution, which also involves a payment in return for sexual access, was legal. According to some researches that is related to meaning of ZINNIA, Origin of ZINNIA and Gender of ZINNIA ,ZINNIA is fit name.You can give to your baby with complacency.  This has been criticized as leading to "hundreds of incidents where a woman subjected to rape, or gang rape, was eventually accused of zināʾ" and incarcerated. The most popular transmitted hadith given below indicates the ordinance of stoning for the rapist but no punishment and no requirement of four eyewitnesses for the rape victim.. Send us will publish it for you. (Ed.). Camilla Adang (2003), Ibn Hazam on Homosexuality. 108–127, SAFWAT (1982), Offences and Penalties in Islamic Law. She left this life on June 4th, 2013. For example,, We also sent Lot: He said to his people: "Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you? , Technically, zināʾ only refers to the act of penetration, while non-penetrative sex acts outside of marriage were censored by the Prophet as that which can lead to zināʾ. 'Ubada b. as-Samit reported: Allah's Messenger as saying: Receive teaching from me, receive teaching from me. زينيه , Muslim scholars have historically considered zināʾ a hudud sin, or crime against God. Zinnias were named after an 18th century German botanist Johann G. Zinn. In this case, she is a victim and not the perpetrator of a crime. Character Analysis of Zinnia: Persons with the name Zinnia, have the required tools to make considerable achievements in business and other positions of power.They tend to have practical judgment when it comes to money and financial issues. Zinnia is a genus of plants of the sunflower tribe within the daisy family. The testimony of women and non-Muslims is not admitted in cases of zināʾ or in other hadd crimes. Zinnie (diminutive in ), Zin (contraction in ), and Zinia (variant spelling in English) are other forms of Zinnia. Haideh Moghissi (2005), Women and Islam: Part 4 Women, sexuality and sexual politics in Islamic cultures, Taylor & Francis, KUGLE (2003), Sexuality, diversity and ethics in the agenda of progressive Muslims, In: SAFI, O. Umar ibn al-Khattab had him flogged and banished him, and he did not flog the slave-girl because the slave had forced her.  According to human rights organizations, stoning for zina has also been carried out in Saudi Arabia. Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: If a man who is not married is seized committing sodomy, he will be stoned to death. ", "What's the Classical Definition of Zina? According to this principle, if there is room for doubt in the perpetrator's mind about whether the sexual act was illegal, he or she should not receive the hadd penalty, but could receive a less severe punishment at the discretion of the judge. Our research results for the name of Zinnia is fit … , Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: That the Messenger of Allah said: "Whomever you see having relations with an animal then kill him and kill animal." First o all we need to know that, It is not permissible or allow for the Muslim to long for the things that lead to zina, such as kissing, being alone, touching and looking, for all these things are haraam in Islam and lead to the greater evil which is zina in Islam. Learn about the baby name Zinnia including baby name meaning, gender, origin, and more. [not specific enough to verify]. 23–34, K. ALI (2003), Progressive Muslims and Islamic Jurisprudence: The Necessity for Critical Engagement with Marriage and Divorce Law, In: SAFI, O. Meanings and history of the name Zinnia. The four witnesses requirement for zina, that applies in case of an accusation against man or woman, is also revealed by Quranic verses 24:11 through 24:13 and various hadiths. And in case of married male committing adultery with a married female, they shall receive one hundred lashes and be stoned to death. He (the Prophet) said to her: Go away, for Allah has forgiven you. But a man might plausibly believe that he had ownership rights over his wife's or his son's property, and so think that having sex with their slaves was legal. When a woman went out in the time of the Prophet for prayer, a man attacked her and overpowered (raped) her. Except those who repent after this and act aright, for surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And come not near to unlawful sex. What is the meaning of the name Zinnia? 7–33. ", "National Commission on the status of women's report on Hudood Ordinance 1979", "Zina, Rape, and Islamic Law: An Islamic Legal Analysis of … This article presents 15 dangers of zina which the Muslim should know, or be reminded of. 3, pp. 7, Issue 2, pp. In cases where there are no witnesses and no confession then the woman will not receive punishment just because of pregnancy. ", Zināʾ encompasses extramarital sex (between a married Muslim man and a married Muslim woman who are not married to one another), and premarital sex (between unmarried Muslim man and unmarried Muslim woman). In Islamic history, zina also included sex between Muslim man with a non-Muslim female slave, when the slave was not owned by that Muslim man. And whoever has relations with someone that is a Mahram (family member or blood relative) then kill him.  Although punishment for lesbianism is rarely mentioned in the histories, al-Tabari records an example of the casual execution of a pair of lesbian slavegirls in the harem of al-Hadi, in a collection of highly critical anecdotes pertaining to that Caliph's actions as ruler. Bangla meaning of zinnia … Zinia is baby girl name mainly popular in Muslim religion and its main origin is Arabic. "What has ruined you?" Women can fall pregnant without committing illegal sexual intercourse. 1291–1314, Rahat Imran (2005), Legal Injustices: The Zina Hudood Ordinance of Pakistan and Its Implications for Women, Journal of International Women's Studies, Vol. In another verse, the statement of prophet lot has been also pointed out. The Muslim, who hopes to meet his Lord and attain His forgiveness and mercy, and to be welcomed with open doors to the Paradise, is ought to know its dangers and seek protection against them, as long as he lives.  According to traditional jurisprudence, zina can include adultery (of married parties), fornication (of unmarried parties), Here are some Islamic Names starting with letter Z. What does zinnia mean? Zinia is written in Urdu, Hindi, Arabic, Bangla as زنيا, जिनिअ, زینیا,زينة, জিনিয়া. Persons who are not muhsan (i.e. , Contemporary human right activists refer this as a new phase in the politics of gender in Islam, the battle between forces of traditionalism and modernism in the Muslim world, and the use of religious texts of Islam through state laws to sanction and practice gender-based violence.  The also argue that the woman may have been forced or coerced (see section above, 'Accusation process and punishment').The position of modern Islamic scholars varies from country to country. The vaginal intercourse may be in any manner the couple wishes, that is, from behind or from the front, sitting or with the wife lying on her back or on her side.  Four witnesses are required to prove the offense. Zinnia name hasn’t been found in the Bible/Torah/Quran. From the flower. So in the year of Conquest of Mecca, Sa'd took him and said. Mohamed S. El-Awa (1993), Punishment In Islamic Law, American Trust Publications.  Jurists had varying opinions on what counted as legitimate "doubt" for this purposes. Khan, Shahnaz. prostitution, rape, sodomy, homosexuality, incest, and bestiality. The death by stoning for people of Sodom and Gomorrah is similar to the stoning punishment stipulated for illegal heterosexual sex. She said: Yes, this is he. However, if the confessor takes back his words before the punishment is enforced or during the punishment, he/she will be released and set free.  According to the eleventh-century Maliki jurist Ibn 'Abd al-Barr:. The Quran forbids homosexual relationships, in Al-Nisa, Al-Araf (verses 7:80–84, 11:69–83, 29:28–35 of the Qur'an using the story of Lot's people), and other surahs. Allah has ordained a way for those women. Famous real-life people named Zinnia Zinnia … Zinnia in Arabic Writing. If the offense is punished by stoning to death, the witnesses must throw the stones. 18, pp.  In Pakistan, the Hudood Ordinances of 1979 subsumed prosecution of rape under the category of zina, making rape extremely difficult to prove and exposing the victims to jail sentences for admitting illicit intercourse forced upon them. He does not see stoning as a prescribed punishment, even for married men, and considers the Hadiths quoted supporting that view to be dealing with either rape or prostitution, where the strictest punishment under Islam for spreading "fasad fil ardh", meaning corruption in the land, referring to egregious acts of defiance to the rule of law was carried out. Allah's Apostle said, "The boy is for you, O 'Abd bin Zam'a!" Narrated 'Aisha: 'Utba bin Abi Waqqas said to his brother Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas, "The son of the slave girl of Zam'a is from me, so take him into your custody." The second one must be lethally stoned (rajm), while an unmarried Muslim and a slave must receive public lashing, and for a slave, the lashing count is half of an unmarried Muslim. All other sexual relationships are considered zināʾ (fornication), including adultery and homosexuality, according to Islamic law and exegesis of the Qur'an. If they delayed testifying in the courts, the punishment will not be enforced, unless they were very distant from the Imam hence the delay was due to them travelling to the Imam. Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. Members of the genus are notable for their solitary long-stemmed flowers that come in a variety of bright colors. pp. ", If a confession or the four witnesses required to prove a hadd crime are not available, but rape can be proved by other means, the rapist is sentenced under the ta'zir system of judicial discretion. Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism, Oxford: Oneworld, pp. asked the Prophet.  For example. Other similar sounding names can be Zinaat, Zinah, Zinat, Zineb, Zineta, Zinneerah. Looking for the meaning of the name Zinnia? All witnesses must have seen the act in its most intimate details, i.e. Hadith Sahih al Bukhari, another authentic source of sunnah, has several entries which refer to death by stoning. The Qur'an deals with zināʾ in several places. The name means a flower. The hadiths declare rape of a free or slave woman as zina.. Zina laws come under hudud – seen as crime against Allah; the Islamists refer to this pressure and proposals to reform zina and other laws as ‘contrary to Islam’. 7–31. Zinnia is an unusual floral choice with a bit more edge and energy than most and beginning to find its way onto namers' wish lists of botanical possibilities. Zina and hudud laws have been re-enacted and enforced. Zephaniah (Biblical), Tzefanyah (Biblical Hebrew), Zephania (Southern African) They are able to say that they saw their private parts meet like the Kohl needle entering the Kohl bottle. The most common argument states that the mouth and tongue are used for the recitation of the Qur'an and for the remembrance of Allah (Dhikr). Zinnia Meaning - Garden of Plants and Flowers, Flower Name. Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe (1997), Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature. Zinia is written in Urdu, Hindi, Arabic, Bangla as زنيا, जिनिअ, زینیا,زينة, জিনিয়া.Other similar sounding names can be Zinaat, Zinah, Zinat, Zineb, Zineta, Zinneerah. But he told the man some good words (AbuDawud said: meaning the man who was seized), and of the man who had had intercourse with her, he said: Stone him to death. Find all the relevant details about the meaning, origin, lucky number and religion is available in this page. 26, no. First is the Qur'anic general rule that commands Muslims not to commit zināʾ: "Nor come nigh to fornication/adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).  It is mentioned in both Quran and in the Hadiths.. ", It is reported that `Umar Ibn Al-Khattab came one day to Muhammad and said, "O Messenger of Allah, I am ruined!" He said: "I did not hear anything from the Messenger of Allah about this, but I see that the Messenger of Allah disliked eating its meat or using it, due to the fact that such a (heinous) thing has been done with that animal. Would you like to add a information. ", However, there are different interpretations of the last verse where who the Quran refers to as "two among you". The other meanings are Zinia and Aik Poda.  Although these laws were amended in 2006, and again in 2016. Calder, Norman, Colin Imber, and R. Gleave. Statistics . The discourse on homosexuality in Islam is primarily concerned with activities between men. He replied, "Last night I turned my wife over," meaning that he had had vaginal intercourse with her from the back. And when a company of the emigrants came by, she said: That man did such and such to me. Pakistani scholar Javed Ahmed Ghamidi sees it as a reference to premarital sexual relationships between men and women. 163–189, Last edited on 20 November 2020, at 18:45, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Quran forbids homosexual relationships, sex between Muslim man with a non-Muslim female slave, 10.1093/acref:oiso/9780199764464.001.0001, "Pakistan Toughens Laws on Rape and 'Honor Killings' of Women", "Ruling on the things that lead to zina – kissing, touching and being alone together", "Bukhari, Book: 89 - Statements made under Coercion, Chapter 6: If a woman is compelled to commit illegal sexual intercourse against her will", "The punishment for homosexuality - islamqa.info", "The punishment for lesbianism - islamqa.info", "The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Law", "Ask The Scholar: What is meant by makruh? Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab that gave a judgment that the rapist had to pay the raped woman her bride-price. When he (the Prophet) was about to pass sentence, the man who (actually) had assaulted her stood up and said: Messenger of Allah, I am the man who did it to her. For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds.". Islamic teachings (in the hadith tradition) presume same-sex attraction, extol abstention and (in the Qur'an) condemn consummation. Islamic law establishes two categories of legal, sexual relationships: between husband and wife, and between a man and his concubine.  Zina thus belongs to the class of hadd (pl. What is the meaning of Zinia ? The meaning is `zinnia (flower)` The name Zinnia is most commonly given to American girls. Zinnia name meaning is zinn's flower and the lucky number associated with is 1. Web. Pronunciation of Zinnia with 3 audio pronunciations, 4 synonyms, 1 meaning, 9 translations, 14 sentences and more for Zinnia. ", Zina prosecution in Katsina State, Northern Nigeria, Articles and Opinions: American Muslims need to speak out against violations of Islamic Shariah law, Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary - Zina Chapter, Afghanistan: Surge in Women Jailed for ‘Moral Crimes’, Fate of another royal found guilty of adultery, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zina&oldid=989734309, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Prophet did not say anything to him until the verse cited above was revealed. Section 23(2) - Any woman who performs sexual intercourse with a man who is not her lawful husband shall be guilty of an offence and shall on conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to whipping not exceeding six strokes or to any combination thereof. , In Islam, oral sex between a husband and a wife is considered "Makruh Tahrimi" or highly undesirable by some Islamic jurists when the act is defined as the mouth and the tongue coming in contact with the genitals.  The Quran disapproved of the promiscuity prevailing in Arabia at the time, and several verses refer to unlawful sexual intercourse, including one that prescribes the punishment of 100 lashes for fornicators. Currently, sodomy is punishable by death in a number of Muslim countries, including Saudi Arabia and Yemen, as well as in Nigeria's Sharia courts. Share this page: See Also. There is no punishment for a man who sodomizes a woman because it is not tied to procreation. 287–320, A. SAJOO (1999), Islam and Human Rights: Congruence or Dichotomy, Temple International and Comparative Law Journal, vol. Information and translations of zinnia in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Feminist Studies 30.3 (2004): 660–685. Some schools of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) created the principle of shubha (doubt). , Prosecution of extramarital pregnancy as zināʾ, as well as prosecution of rape victims for the crime of zina, have been the source of worldwide controversy in recent years. This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 18:45. , Although stoning for zina is not mentioned in the Quran, all schools of traditional jurisprudence agreed on the basis of hadith that it is to be punished by stoning if the offender is muhsan (adult, free, Muslim, and having been married), with some extending this punishment to certain other cases and milder punishment prescribed in other scenarios. zinnia definition in English dictionary, zinnia meaning, synonyms, see also 'zinkenite',zirconia',zincic',zinckenite'. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, JANSEN, W. (2000), Sleeping in the Womb: Protracted Pregnancies in the Maghreb, The Muslim World, n. 90, p. 218–237, Ziba Mir-Hosseini (2011), Criminalizing sexuality: zina laws as violence against women in Muslim contexts, SUR - Int'l Journal on Human Rights, 15, pp.
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