The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. It is believed that this is where you can spot Hoolock Gibbon, India’s only ape species. The Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is one of the last strongholds of the western hoolock gibbon, which the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) lists as an endangered species on its Red List. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River. Gibbons not only include the most endangered apes but also the most endangered primate species of the world. White … "Populations of western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years, and it is now considered to be one of the most endangered 25 primate species in the world. x. White-Handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar) CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED. Western hoolock gibbons consume upto 100 species of plants, with food choices greatly varying from site to site. Bangladesh, India, Myanmar — The population of this south Asian gibbon has declined by over 90% since the early 1970s when they totalled over 100,000. We are governed by a board of volunteer trustees and our team of staff are passionate about protecting endangered species … The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): China, India, Southeast Asia. 1940 First systematic behavioural study of wild gibbons by Clarence R. Carpenter ; 1990 Conservation breeding programmes setup for the Pileated Gibbon; 2005 Hoolock Gibbons reclassified to species level; 2008 FFI setup the Cardomom Project in Cambodia; Habitat. Hoolock gibbons are native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India and Southwest China. PRELIMS QUESTION. Hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) are endangered small apes occurring in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, and south China. Conservation specialists consider these animals as among the most endangered of gibbon species. GCC founder, Alan Mootnick, was involved with the discovery of their subgenus, and is credited with their renaming and elevation to genus level. Currently, four genera (Hoolock, Hylobates, Nomascus and 61 Symphalangus) and up to 19 living species are recognized [Mittermeier et al., 2013]. The main reasons for this are habitat loss and degradation, hunting and illegal trade. Also Read - Assam Police Arrests Opposition MLA Over 'Objectionable' Remarks on … Many zoos in major US cities have these animals on exhibit. In China, for instance, the gibbons have already lost 99% of their habitat. Learn more about the Gibbon's habitat by watching Earth's Green Heart - Asia. Hoolock gibbons are found in Bangladesh, India, China and Myanmar. All known populations have undergone declines primarily due to habitat destruction or alteration. People’s Trust for Endangered Species was set up in 1977 to save our wildlife. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. And because it is the only one, the ape is unquestionably a precious jewel of the Indian forest. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. The Hainan gibbon is considered an umbrella species for the Hainan Island. Gaoligong, endangered 57 species. This fascinating primate species is also found in the southern ranges of the Khasi Hills (community forests near Mawsynram) and Jaintia Hills. Hoolock hoolock. POPULATION: The global population of this species is estimated to be <3000 individuals, with India possessing the vast majority (2600). Western Hoolock Gibbon. This species is also known by the following name(s): Also called White-browed Gibbon, fomerly Hylobates hoolock. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. 5 58 Introduction 59 Gibbons and siamangs (Hylobatidae) are small apes inhabiting southern, eastern and 60 Southeast Asia. Newly recognised species given the name ‘Skywalker hoolock gibbon’ by the team that proved it was distinct from other Chinese gibbons Georgia Brown Wed … We found that deforestation and hunting had exterminated both species from many sites. Though the sanctuary is said to have one of the densest populations of the small ape, the latest census results from 2019 show only 77 individual hoolock gibbons remain in the forest. The Gibbon Center is one of the few organizations that houses this species outside their country of origin. The species is found in Assam, Mizoram & Meghalaya in India, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. Hoolock Gibbons, the only species of apes found in India, are threatened with extinction in the Ukhrul and Kamjong districts of Manipur, a report has claimed. A new subspecies of the western hoolock gibbon has been described recently from northeastern India, which has been named the Mishmi Hills hoolock gibbon, Hoolock hoolock mishmiensis. Skywalker hoolock and northern yellow-cheeked gibbons require further study to determine their status. A further new species, Hoolock tianxing, with an estimated population of about 200 in China, was discovered in southwest China in 2017. All species of gibbons live in Asia and all are threatened. The only tribe of apes inhabiting the country is the Hoolock Gibbons, found in the North-east forests. In Bangladesh both species are critically endangered and distributed mainly in the Critically Endangered Species Info. The mammal is believed to have a life expectancy of 25 years in the wild. The IUCN has classified the population of the western hoolock as endangered and that of the eastern hoolock as vulnerable. Endangered Gibbons. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two globally endangered wildlife species limited to only tropical Asian forests. It is home to many rare and endangered species, including the Western Hoolock Gibbon. We presented the result of a systematic survey on the population size and distribution of the Endangered Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing) in Houqiao Town, Tengchong City, Yunnan Province of China.A total of 15–18 individuals of H. tianxing in 5–6 gibbon groups and one solitary gibbon were recorded during the survey conducted in November 2019. A new species of gibbon identified in remote forests in China has been named after Star Wars character Luke Skywalker. Hoolock Gibbons, the only species of apes found in India, are threatened with extinction in the Ukhrul and Kamjong districts of Manipur. Endangered Scientific classification; Kingdom: Animalia: Phylum: Chordata: … 1; IUCN., 2014). The species is confined to 29 fragmented forested areas in western and central Java. The two districts used to be covered with dense, tropical rainforests, which provided ideal tree canopies for the arboreal, brachiating ape species. Having recommended the Skywalker hoolock gibbon be listed as an endangered species, the scientists involved in the research of these primates, are truly elated by the rare discovery of these new animals. Try this PYQ from CSP2013: Q.Consider the following pairs: Protected area:: Well-known for. In early 2012 FFI identified a priority conservation site for the endangered western hoolock gibbon: Pauk Sa Mountain. The elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia * Corresponding author. Myanmar still holds significantly large and intact areas of prime habitat for Hoolock gibbon, but there are no significant data on the conservation status of the species. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Multilevel action plans that closely involve and benefit local communities are the only way forward to save the endangered gibbons of India. It is believed that the name for the endangered species 'Hoolock' is from the Assamese (holou) or related languages. Adults are also known to eat invertebrates and birds’ eggs on occasions. Key Details. Western hoolock gibbon A female in the foreground, and a male in the background Conservation status. LEARN MORE ABOUT SILVERY GIBBONS > Video Preview. Wildlife enthusiasts who visit the state cannot leave the Garo Hills out of their itinerary. About 200 animals are thought to exist in China as well as an unknown number in Myanmar. Two species of Hoolock gibbons, Eastern Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) have been reported to occur in India. We assessed the morphological and genetic … The eastern hoolock gibbon is vulnerable but not yet endangered. 56 Keywords: New species, Hoolock tianxing, gibbon, Mt. Preservation of the tropical forest is imperative to gibbon survival - if it disappears, so do the gibbons. Tropical Forestry Group, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. The species is probably endangered. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two globally endangered wildlife species limited to only tropical Asian forests. Resources. The name "Hoolock" is an onomatopoeia derived from the sound made when this species sings. Where in India. In India, it is listed on Schedule 1 of the Indian (Wildlife) Protection Act 1972. Gibbons in the Zoo. Species like the gray or Mueller’s gibbons, which Nat Geo’s own Joel Sartore recently featured in a piece on endangered zoo animals, are being phased out of breeding programs in favor of more endangered gibbon species. The population of the Skywalker hoolock gibbon is unknown, but it's believed to be very low. Globally, Hoolock gibbon populations are dwindling due to forest clearance, disturbance, and hunting and are now recognised as being Endangered by the World Conservation Union. The silvery gibbon, also known as the Javan gibbon, is very rare and endangered. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. In Bangladesh both species are critically endangered and distributed mainly in the northeast and southeast hilly regions bordering neighboring India and Myanmar.
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