Sri Lanka (about Sri Lanka) beautiful Tropical Island is endowed with many types of natural vegetation. In 2015, Sri Lanka became the first country in the world to implement a nationwide scheme to protect all its mangrove forests. All reviews fish farm hindu temple local tour guide sri lanka boat cinnamon birds safari farms pp nature. Mangroves are a very valuable contributor to the biodiversity of the island and they are mostly seen in the areas of beaches, lagoons and bays. Though the island-nation is primarily renowned for its pristine beaches, the shallow waters which hug the coastline are home to some of the world’s most beautiful mangrove lagoons. With the increase of human population, the demand for these vital Eco-systems has been increased to a rather unsustainable level and thus the depletion of the resource in many areas of the country. Negombo Lagoon and Muthurajawela are located near the airport and accessible to travellers in Negombo, Maravilla and Colombo. Sri Lanka becomes the first nation to comprehensively protect all of its mangrove forests, using a model that conservationists hope other nations will adopt. One of the important functions of the mangrove forest is protecting the land against sea erosion due to the high tide and low tide. No membership needed. jonnycantos wrote a review Mar 2020. Tour operators such as seerendipity tours organize Sri Lanka one day tours to many places including tourists attractions such as mangroves. Mangroves ecosystem is one of the best places to experience the rich diversity of Sri Lankan Fauna and Flora. Mysterious mangrove forest, Madu Ganga, Sri Lanka. Madu riverboat trip at Balapitiya, Boat tour at Muthurajawela, Koggala river safari in Galle, and Negombo lagoon are the most popular places among the travellers to explore Sri Lanka mangroves and riverine vegetation. Fish & shrimp farms, all within mangrove forest. Sri Lanka is abundant with forests, grasslands, wetlands, marine and coastal habitats, inland and aquatic vegetation are of special significance. There are natural caves cut out of mangrove branches through which the boat sails. This could be seen in abandoned prawn farms in Puttalam District where pioneer mangroves are growing with other pioneer species. These conservation activities involve the establishment of … These forests harbour a large number of aquatic avian fauna species such as kingfisher, herons. Mangrove Protection in Asia (2014 - 2016) Mangrove Rehabilitation in Asia (2012 - 2015) Mangrove Swamp Restoration in Sri Lanka (2010 - 2011) Most of these wetlands were covered with mangrove ecosystems of various mangrove plant species. Mangrove forests of Sri Lanka / Image: Teng Wei . Here are the 2 most popular Sri Lanka boat tours, Bentota River safari; Madu river safari; Saltwater crocs in southern Sri Lanka This is due to the diversity of climatic, edaphic and hydrological aspects of the coastal region. The launch coincides with the first anniversary of a national project to preserve all of the island’s mangrove forests, which are seen as a vital resource for mitigating the effects of climate change. The swampy soil found within these areas makes it possible for mangroves to flourish, where seawater submerge the earth. Seacology, a nonprofit environmental conservation organization, is helping Sri Lanka become the first nation in history to preserve and replant all of its mangrove forests. Book Mangrove Escapes, Bentota on Tripadvisor: See 44 traveler reviews, 30 candid photos, and great deals for Mangrove Escapes, ranked #18 of 30 hotels in Bentota and rated 4.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. * Civil war didn’t hurt this Sri Lankan mangrove forest, but shrimp farming might Wed, Jul 8, 2020, 07:27 am SL Time, ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka. The floristic diversity of mangrove Eco-system in Sri Lanka is rich compared to many countries. Mangrove species of 29 different types have been identified in Sri Lanka so far. Crocodile, water monitor and monkeys are also common animals that can be observed in mangrove forests. Undertaking a Sri Lanka boat tour is the best way of exploring valuable mangrove vegetation on the island. Largest Mangrove Habitats - Puttlam Lagoon - Kala Oya Basin - Trincomalee 12,000 ha The World Conservation Union Trincomalee 2043 TOTAL 12189 ha Mullaitive 428 Kalutara 12 Jaffna 2276 Galle 238 Kilinochchi 770 Matara 7 Puttalam 3210 Hambanatota 576 Gampaha 313 Ampara 100 Colombo 39 Batticaloa 1303 Extent of mangroves in coastal districts Human population living near the coast also have benefited from the mangroves as it provides many benefits for their livelihoods. About 29 mangrove species are found in Sri Lanka and they are distributed in mainly in Negombo, Kalutara, Bentota. The organizations have implemented several mangrove reforestation projects in close cooperation, therefore they have extensive experience in this area. United Nations Development Program, 19pp. Sri Lanka’s turn to mangrove protection is due to new president Maithripala Sirisena who, through the Forest Ordinance Act, declared the commercial exploitation of the area illegal. What are the most important mangrove forests in Sri Lanka? CRITICALLY IMPORTANT. According to the Department of Forest Conversation, Sri Lanka is home to over 20 mangrove species. Distribution of mangrove forest in Sri Lanka can be seen throughout the island covering all parts of the country as shown on the map. Mangrove forests are distributed around the island covering all parts of the country. It is a rich source of food and inhabited by a large number of fish species including crabs and shrimps. In addition, the diversity of mangrove associates is also a unique feature in the mangroves of this country. The island of Sri Lanka is approximately 67,654km2 (6,765,400 hectares). headquarters. The rich species diversity has given a more established less fragile character to the mangrove Eco-system. Especially Mangroves of Sri Lanka help to protect the coast from tidal currents and other adverse factors such as Tsunami. Mangrove forests create a rich unique bio-diversity around it, attracting large number animal species, aqua bird species, fish species and other animal species. Sound mangrove management can provide adaptation strategies such as increasing resilience of the coastal line and its inhabitants, as well as providing new livelihoods options to the local communities. 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The island of Sri Lanka has several extensive coastal wetlands with rich mangrove forest in past. Mangrove forests have a unique blend of Flora and Fauna that cannot be discovered in other forests on the island. Environmentalists have opposed plans to establish shrimp farms in the Vidattaltivu nature reserve, home to an important mangrove forest and biodiversity-rich marine habitat in northern Sri Lanka. Mangroves are shrubs or small trees that normally grow in varied regions of tropical and subtropical coastal waters, where saline water and freshwater normally meets. Investing in the future of the Sri Lankan people. Socio economic status of the huma communities of selected mangrove areas on the west coast of Sri Lanka. According to the Department of Forest Conservation, Sri Lanka is home to more than 20 mangrove species flourishing mainly along the sheltered inertial coastlines associated with estuaries and lagoons. All of which show high Net Primary Production (NPP) potential, (2008). Current rates of mangrove destruction are roughly estimated at around 150,000 hectares (370,050 acres) per year, or about 1% per annum, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Almost 225,000 metric tons of carbon sequestration potential is lost each year with current rates of mangrove destruction. Status of Mangroves in Sri Lanka 5 Review STATUS OF MANGROVES IN SRI LANKA K. M. B. C. Karunathilake *) Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy, Sri Lanka Received: September, 5, 2003 ; Accepted: September, 20, 2003 ABSTRACT In Sri Lanka many estuaries and lagoons are fringed with vastly diverse mangrove forests. Jaffna – ThndamaAru lagoon, Nayaru lagoon, Kanni kadol lagoon and Kokilai lagoon. The island of Sri Lanka has several extensive coastal wetlands with rich mangrove forest in past. When the travellers book a Sri Lanka tour and beach holiday they have a better chance of coming across places, where they can explore mangrove forests. Mangroves enable the formation of sand dunes creating natural protection against sea erosion. This forest type spread over a small area around the country. But the distribution of mangrove forest is far wider in the district of Puttalam (north from Colombo) than other parts of the country. Learn why Sri Lanka is working to save its remaining mangrove forests, and to plant new ones. The zone is typically known as brackish water. Meanwhile, Centre for Environmental Justice (CEJ) Executive Director Hemantha Withanage stressed that the mangrove cover in Sri Lanka has been drastically reduced during the last decade. Epic adventure on the mangrove wetlands of Balapitiya, Sri Lanka. For example, the Sri Lanka government has provided legal protection for all national mangrove forests as well as … It is one of the most important forest types for the human as well as many species of aqua floral species and many fauna species. The trees and shrubs are heavily depending on the roots that appear from the water for air to breathe. What are the 20 Best Places to visit in Sri Lanka in December? As highlighted by environmentalists, the Forest Department should take immediate action to stop the destruction of these mangroves from any sort of human activity. Sri Lanka Boat tour at Madu estuary with southern Sri Lanka. Mangroves are halophytes, which adapted to harsh coastal life conditions. Because of their importance, several community-based mangrove restoration projects have been implemented in Sri Lanka aimed at protecting and rehabilitating this all important ecosystem. More than 50 % of the Sri Lanka Mangrove forests have been destroyed irrecoverably in the past 30 years through deforestation, abuse and exploitation – with negative impacts on fishery and the protection against catastrophic flooding events. Solar LED Fishing Lamps To Mitigate Poverty & Climate Impact. It is also described as energy-subsidized Eco-system since the tidal currents do much Work in distributing the nutrients. Undertaking a Sri Lanka boat tour is the best way of exploring valuable mangrove vegetation on the island. Mangrove Eco-system is also important as a habitat for fauna including birds by providing food and resting and roosting sites to a number of wetland birds including migrant ones. They are adapted to the low oxygen (anoxic) conditions of waterlogged mud. More than 300 hectares are covered with mangrove forests in the district of Puttalam. They provide habitats for species of marine fauna and flora, especially breeding and nesting grounds for fish, along with food and livelihoods for local communities.